REGULATORY AND SCIENTIFIC SUPPLY OF FUNCTIONING OF THE STRIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PREPARATION OF FIRE-RESCUERS AND RESCUERS
Based on the analysis of the regulatory support of the operation of the strip of psychological preparation in the territorial divisions of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, the place of the strip in the training of fire-rescuers and rescuers was established and a change in its name was proposed. The experience of using by the territorial divisions of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, educational institutions of civil protection, the Ukrainian Civil Protection Research Institute the strip of psychological preparation in the system of service training of fire-rescuers and rescuers is given, the composition parts of the strips of psychological preparation available in the divisions are analyzed. The absence of a unified approach to the structure of a typical strip of psychological preparation and the expediency of developing technical and regulatory documentation of the strip of preparation (modules). Taking into account the proposals of the territorial divisions of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, educational institutions of civil protection, the Ukrainian Civil Protection Research Institute on the using the strip of psychological preparation in the system of official training of fire-rescuers and rescuers, programmed the main components of the modules (simulators). The statistical data on fires during 2013-2017 are analyzed, the conditions were determined in which fire extinguishing was carried out by the State Emergency Service workers in living rooms, in production facilities, in trade and storage facilities. Conditions, which complicated the fire extinguishing, the general characteristics of the objects of fires and obstacles, which fire-rescuers were overcoming during performing the tasks for the intended purpose were given. To determine the main obstacles through which rescuers moved, and the conditions in which the rescuers worked during carrying out tasks for their purpose, the analysis of statistical data on the quantitative indicators of classified emergency situations, the characteristics of emergency situations and examples of participation of the personnel of the Operational-Rescuer Services of Civil Protection in the liquidation of emergency situations was conducted. The main obstacles that must be overcome and the conditions necessary to create on the strip of preparation for fire-rescuers and rescuers during working out skills of work in difficult and extreme conditions. Taking into account the foreign experience of fire divisions, it was proposed to form a strip from separate functional modules.